Sleeping Disorder

The Risks of Quitting Cold Turkey

it is not unusual for individuals to become addicted to certain drugs. Yet with a wide range of different options to choose from, it is also common that there are many different avenues to assist one with quitting. Some people may choose to slowly taper off substances, while others may opt for the cold turkey approach. Quitting substance use suddenly and abruptly, or “cold turkey,” can lead to many risks. Particularly, if the drug you are discontinuing is alcohol, a benzodiazepine, or an opiate. 

It is also not advisable if you happen to have been using any drug in large amounts and/or for any long periods. This is because what you have been using may include one of the high-risk drugs mentioned above, or because it is common that you may suffer from extreme withdrawal symptoms.

The Appeal of Quitting Cold Turkey

For many addicts, quitting cold turkey seems to be more appealing as it may be easier to quit the drug entirely than to use it moderately. This is due to the fact that your usual mode is to take the drug in an unrestrained manner. Many individuals feel that they can more easily separate themselves from the world of drug use if they do so completely and at once, by avoiding all of the people, places, and other reminders of the drug and starting from scratch.

Yet the cold turkey approach may not be the most effective way to quit — especially for people who are dependent on a substance. Quitting too quickly can lead to unpleasant and challenging withdrawal symptoms and a powerful urge to start using the substance again.


Quitting can be dangerous to do on your own due to the way the nervous system tends to adapt to certain high dependency drugs. Taking these drugs out of your system all of a sudden can lead to a variety of serious and potentially life-threatening medical conditions, such as seizures and heart problems.

Even drugs that have a lesser physical dependence, such as cocaine, amphetamines, and nicotine, can lead to many severe and unpleasant withdrawal symptoms which can make life uncomfortable and emotionally difficult.

One danger of quitting cold turkey is that your body will quickly lose tolerance to alcohol or drugs, so if you end up relapsing and then take your usual amount of the drug, you are at a higher risk of overdose.

Common Withdrawal Symptoms Include

  • Having trouble sleeping
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Appetite changes
  • Increased feelings of depression and/or anxiety
  • Feeling agitated or irritable
  • Cravings
  • Hallucinations
  • Body tremors
  • Paranoia

Withdrawal symptoms can last for differing time periods after quitting, depending on the substance involved. By choosing to go cold turkey, a person may experience much more extreme withdrawal symptoms initially.

Usually, someone who drinks or uses drugs heavily on a regular basis for a long time will suffer the most. Also, choosing to mix other drugs with alcohol can increase the levels of dependence as well. 

Medical Supervision for Drug Abstinence Is Safest Option

This does not mean you cannot become abstinent, but especially if you are quitting alcohol, a benzodiazepine, or an opiate, it should be done under the guidance of a general practitioner or physician. They can provide you with the medication and tools to help lessen the effects of withdrawal. They may also recommend a program or facility to further assist you in your recovery. Doctors who particularly work with addiction issues have special training learning about addiction medicine and are particularly helpful in managing an individual with withdrawing safely.

In many cases, a brief period within detox can be the safest option so that medical staff is on hand in case there is a medical emergency. The staff can also help with providing access to any nutrition, hydration, and medications intravenously if you are suffering from any significant nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea during your withdrawal process.

However, there are many people who are able to detox safely within a home or in a community environment while also meeting regularly with their doctor or health professional to help ensure they remain well throughout the process. Your doctor may prescribe you certain different medications depending on the drug you are withdrawing from. Informing your loved ones is also recommended, so they can provide you with support and help you resist temptation if you are feeling the need to use again.

When to Call 000

If you or someone you know is showing signs of a heart attack or seizure while going through the process of quitting cold turkey, call 000 immediately. Symptoms of a heart attack may include:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain
  • Pain or discomfort in the jaw, neck, or back
  • Weakness, lightheadedness, or faintness
  • Pain or discomfort in the arms or shoulder
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • High fever
  • Severe confusion

Cold turkey can be an effective method for some individuals who are quitting other low-level forms of addiction. However, its success depends almost entirely on the amount of support the person receives while attempting to quit.

However, if an individual has a more serious drug dependence or wants to quit a severe drug addiction, going cold turkey can be very dangerous. Those hoping to quit an addiction to these substances should solicit medical advice immediately and there is no better place to turn than the leading rehab facility in Bali.

If you or someone you know is experiencing any concerning physical or neurological signs while choosing to quit cold turkey, make sure to call 000 immediately.

treatment and recovery

The Difference Between Addiction Treatment and Recovery

Addiction can destroy lives. The financial, physical, and emotional consequences of this behaviour are immense. Unable to escape the destructive lure of drug and alcohol abuse has had a profound impact on all too many lives.

Assuming that you have already gone and completed a program, then it is time for you to take action. If you went to a rehabilitation facility in Bali to seek assistance within this ordeal, then you should have clear and concise instructions about the direction you should head.

Learning how to stand on your own two feet may seem challenging. Different approaches will need to be tested to get to as close to “normal” as possible. Recovery is not like the facilities programs. There is no graduation date or celebration because it is continuous. Knowing that and pushing through regardless is what separates the success stories from those suffering from alcoholism.

Learning To Walk

Alcoholism tends to break lives and leave destruction. Choosing not to walk away will help prove how committed you are to this new lifestyle.

There are fundamental points that everyone should have if they want a higher chance of staying sober. The “elements of recovery” provided by our website as follows:

  • A secure base is needed in order to focus on recovery. Without worrying about where your next check is coming from and where you will be staying, recovery becomes much easier.
  • Finding a purpose in life is vital. If there is no reason for choosing to get clean, then you cannot expect to stay clean for very long.
  • The hope of recovery will be your fuel. 
  • Figuring out who you are is important for anyone, but especially for someone who is in recovery.
  • Nurturing your support group will ensure that they are in it for the long haul.
  • Lastly, you should try to gain some confidence within yourself. Self-doubt will never fully leave, but being confident in your decisions will help.
  • Applying these elements might make some things easier, but it will not make you sober. It will still be hard, but it does not have to be as hard as you think.

Learning To Run

After being sober for  5+ years, living this lifestyle will become second nature. When you finished your first program, stepping out into the world may have been intimidating for you. With time there will be more occasions where you were in proximity to alcohol. Some days you will be able to say no to a drink, but other days you may find yourself questioning drinking. 

Building a reputation at AA meetings will help your support group grow. Staying involved and sharing experiences will help add an incentive to stay away from drinking. AA is a no-judgment zone, but no one likes having to admit to fault. Fortunately, there are people for support. 

Learning To Fly

Once you have over ten years sober, you are pretty much a champion at recovery. You can now begin assisting others to achieve the same success. The ability to relate to almost every member problem will help them avoid relapsing.

Joining support groups is not something everyone loves to do. Leading is a responsibility that should be left for those up to the task. So, once you have experience, will you take on this challenge?

Get The Individualized Treatment That You Need

While traditional therapies have shown success in treating the underlying problems of addiction, it is beneficial to find a well-suited program. For some, a long-term stay is required, while others might only need 30 days away to gain a new perspective.

Addiction Recovery Resources

There is a whole range of resources available, so there is always a solution. Each focus is different depending on the certain struggles you are facing. Once you understand the root causes of addiction, lasting recovery is achievable. 

Various Programs Designed To Reach You Where You Are

The variety of programs out there today is endless. While a one-month stay in a residential program might be the most common approach, others have worked just as well. 

A twelve-step program is often the go-to therapy of choice. This is because the program encourages individuals suffering from a variety of substance abuse disorders to focus on their positive attributes. By focusing on a person’s spiritual, emotional, mental, and physical components, lasting recovery is possible.

Give Yourself A Break

Many addicts suffer because of the stress of everyday living. Whatever the case may be, a stay in the program will give you the break you need. Recovery can be a lifelong process, but that does not have to be looked upon with fear. You will gain a support network that will guide you through any difficult times. Once you begin to take charge of your life, you will realize that addiction no longer has a grip on you. 


The decisions that are made during hard days often determine how effectively an individual comes out of such situations. For some, alcohol is often seen as a way to handle the lows. If you are depressed and are potentially suffering from alcoholism, consider taking a hard look at whom you associate with regularly. Stay away from individuals that may encourage you to drink excessively. This includes not going to places that are associated with alcohol. One way to do this is to alter your routes so you avoid places you used to frequent.

Kratom Abuse

Kratom Abuse: What You Need to Know

Kratom is a plant that originates from the Mitragyna speciosa tree. This plant is known to induce opiate-like effects which can easily lead to addiction. The leaves and stems of kratom are usually dried before being chewed or brewed into a tea to achieve a stimulating effect. At higher doses, it resembles the effects of opioids.

Kratom is popular in many Southeast Asian countries, most notably Thailand where the plant is sometimes mixed with cough syrup or soda to create a cocktail called 4×100. Within 5-10 minutes of ingestion, kratom can induce a high that can last anywhere from 2-5 hours. Mitragynine, the active chemical found in the plant, increases the user’s energy at low doses and produces a sedative, pain-blocking feeling when taken at higher dosages.

Understanding kratom abuse

Kratom is used by many people as a “legal” way to experience a high. This substance appeals to teens and individuals who view the plant as a safe alternative to illicit drugs like fentanyl and codeine. Some bars in Thailand offer kratom cocktails or sell them in powder form to mix with other drinks. Kratom is also known by many slang names like Biak, Ketum, Thang, Kakuam, and Thom.

While kratom may not be detected in drug tests, it does behave like other narcotics. This makes kratom abuse rampant and can be difficult to get rid of once hooked. The drug is relatively new on the recreational drug scene in the West and its full effects have yet to be fully understood. But the general consensus is that the psychoactive properties of kratom can lead to dependence and turn into a full-blown addiction.

kratom abuse

When kratom abuse turns into addiction

Dependence and addiction are tied together. When a person is dependent on a substance, they experience changes in their brain chemistry due to regular use Since kratom is known to act like opioid drugs, withdrawal symptoms like anxiety, fatigue, depression, and drug cravings can occur.

The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) states that long-term kratom abuse can cause weight loss, insomnia, anorexia, frequent urination, constipation, dry mouth, skin discolouration. Withdrawal side effects can include jerky movements, hostile activity, aggression, achy bones and muscles, and a runny nose. In some cases, psychotic episodes like delusions and hallucinations can occur.

The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) published a study that details psychiatric illness and significant withdrawal symptoms in individuals who abused kratom long term. They cited insomnia, irritability, and muscle pain as the most common symptoms. In addition to that, they also reported paranoia, nullified pleasure receptors, and hallucinations as possible symptoms.

In the medical world, addiction is considered a brain disease and drug dependence is one of the main signs of the disease. However, NIDA reports indicate that before a person is diagnosed with addiction, according to the most recent Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), they must exhibit compulsive, drug-seeking behaviors and continue to use substances whilst ignoring the negative consequences. Compulsive means that the person has no longer control of their substance use and they spend the majority of their time trying to use or acquire the drug.

Some of the  physical, emotional, social, and behavioral changes to look for when determining if a person is addicted to kratom are:

  • Changes in physical appearance such as weight loss and neglecting personal hygiene
  • Irregular sleep patterns and waking up at random times during the night
  • Sudden mood swings like irritability, aggression, and potentially suicidal thoughts brought by kratom withdrawal
  • Irresponsibility towards their actions and doing things that are way out of their character
  • Unfulfilled obligations from work, family, and other aspects of their life
  • A shift in personality: They start to become socially distant and they shroud their life in secrecy
  • Financial struggles due to working less or spending all their remaining money on kratom
  • Getting into legal troubles and engaging in risky behavior

Getting help from kratom addiction

Treatment for kratom addiction usually involves three phases; detoxification, therapy, and recovery. The first phase involves cleansing the body safely from kratom whilst managing the symptoms in a controlled environment. Medications along with professional supervision are provided in a medical detox facility to complete the detox process.

Therapy and counseling are major components of therapeutic treatment and are usually offered in an outpatient or residential setting. Outpatient programs fall into two main categories; Intensive outpatient care and general outpatient care. The former follows a similar schedule to a residential program where the patient stays in the recovery facility for some time while the latter is more flexible and can be tailored to the patient’s availability.

Residential treatment refers to the patient staying in a specialized treatment center to receive constant care. Days are scheduled with sessions, meetings, educational learnings, and scheduled meal/sleep times. Some facilities offer complementary or holistic care services like massage or yoga to promote better health and well-being.

If you or anyone you know is dealing with kratom addiction, know that there is hope and you can recover from it. Contact Calm Rehab, the number one rehab facility in Bali today and learn more about how we can help with addiction recovery.



Cycle of Addiction

How Shame Fuels the Cycle of Addiction

We’re all familiar with experiencing shame and how it can be an isolating emotion. Shame often leads to feelings of unworthiness and self-doubt which can greatly affect those who are in addiction recovery. While most of us deal with shame and move forward from it, some people aren’t able to escape it. The feelings remain constant and create a deeper void in the person’s existence.

To fully understand how shame fuels drug and alcohol addiction, we must learn how to distinguish it from guilt. Guilt is a natural feeling that occurs after making a mistake or a poor decision. Feelings of guilt come from our moral conscience which lets us know that we’ve done something against that of our moral compass. For example, you feel guilty for being angry at your spouse because they made an honest mistake or you yelled at your kids for interrupting you at work.

    Shame is quite different from guilt in that the former creates feelings of inadequacy. With shame, you may feel that simple mistakes devalue your worth as a person. For example, if you were at the receiving end of your spouse’s anger, shame might prompt you to isolate or stay out for a while. As these feelings build up, you start to look for ways to escape and for some people, they achieve this by drinking or resorting to drugs.

While guilt can enlighten you in correcting your mistake or behavior, shame makes you feel trapped in a self-loathing vortex. Let’s discuss how shame can feed addiction and make it difficult for people to recover.

When does shame become painful?

Shame is a natural human emotion that everyone experiences. However, things are quite different when it comes to addiction as this feeling becomes almost unavoidable. It brings a profound sense of separation not just from yourself, but from other people as well. These constant feelings are what wears people down from feeling shame:

  • You feel undeserving of love.
  • You feel unimportant
  • You feel as if you’re a bad person
  • You feel like a complete failure
  • You feel like you deserve to be alone
  • You feel like you are not worth it

When a person feels shameful because of their addiction, it can turn into an internal battle that’s hard to win over. The chronic sense of inferiority and unworthiness makes the person believe they’re undeserving of love, happiness, or respect. They feel ashamed of who they are and this cultivates hopelessness, numbness, and depression.

Such an emotional state will eventually form a barrier to self-help, rendering the person incapable of being receptive to assistance. 

External stress coming from work, relationships, and finances starts to feel overwhelming. Because of this, the person may resort to using drugs or alcohol to escape from the stress. Substance abuse affects one’s self-esteem and as they delve deeper into addiction, they start to lose control of their life. With this comes hopelessness and disappointment escalate that further engraves their shameful feeling.

 As the cycle repeats, the person becomes let down by their inability to handle the pressure. They feel as if they don’t deserve help from other people because they’re afraid of disappointing their friends and family.

Cycle of Addiction

How to heal from shame

While shame and addiction can keep a person trapped in the cycle, that doesn’t mean that healing is impossible. It takes incredible heart and courage to acknowledge your addiction and with this self-awareness comes the opportunity for healing.

Recovering from shame requires a safe environment where you are surrounded by people who can help you move forward. In a professional addiction treatment program, you can triumph over shame by:

  • Identifying shame – The first step in healing from shame is to learn what human error is. Everyone makes mistakes and it’s important you don’t let those mistakes define you as a person. It’s okay to feel guilty for what you have done, but never allow that feeling to turn into shame, or else you will feel defeated whenever you make a single error.
  • Commit to change behavior – Self-awareness is the catalyst of addiction recovery. Once you’re able to recognize the root of your problem, you can address that with changed behaviour. There’s no point in beating yourself up over the same mistakes you made in the past. Instead of wallowing in shame, take it upon yourself to change for the better. 
  •  Redefine your self-worth – Your thoughts reflect your actions. If you think you’re unworthy of love, then you’ll end up making the wrong choices to justify that thought. But if you start to think positively of yourself, you will start to rebuild your self-esteem and become more confident in your decision-making.

Healing from shame and addiction requires an honest effort coupled with professional help. If you’re dealing with bouts of shame, do not lose hope. There is still a way for you to break free from the shackles of shame and addiction and the sooner you start your recovery, the better it’ll be for your future. If you require any further information then look no further than Bali’s leading rehab centre who can provide you will all of the necessary information.


Calm Rehab Addiction Recovery

Rehab Communication

How to Communicate With a Loved One Who’s in Rehab

Drug and alcohol abuse can have devastating effects not just in the person’s body, but within their family as well. It is natural to experience conflicting emotions when a loved one is dealing with addiction. On one hand, you may feel angry at them for the consequences of their actions while on the other hand, you may feel anxious because you want them to receive treatment.

Communicating with your loved one who’s in rehab may not be the easiest of tasks, but it’s a necessary step that will help guide them in the right direction. It’s important, to be honest, and constructive when talking to your loved one so they can understand where you’re coming from.

Here’s how you can communicate effectively with your loved ones to help rebuild your relationships and foster trust in each other.

Begin With Love

You may have grown to despise addiction and everything it ruined for your friend or family member. However, your loved one is not the disease, meaning that you can still love them despite their past actions. If your loved one is in a drug & alcohol rehab center in Bali, understand there will be some parts of them that are confused, hurt, and disappointed.

Chances are your loved one’s already beating themselves up and you certainly don’t want to beat them down even further with negativity. Instead of using harsh words to ‘wake’ them up, communicate with them through positivity and kind-hearted words. When you begin with love, you set the stage for positive communication which can help build trust and connection between you and your loved one.

Express Forgiveness

Forgiveness doesn’t mean sweeping negative emotions under the rug and moving forward without discussion. Forgiveness means letting go of the resentment and anger that’s built up inside you. Your loved one likely made some serious mistakes and you’re having a difficult time moving on from them. But understand that it wasn’t their full intention to hurt you or break your trust. Addiction can alter a person’s decision-making skills and cause them to perform actions without thinking about the consequences.

When you express forgiveness, you’re opening the door for rebuilding that lost trust. It’s hard to support a loved one throughout their rehabilitation when you’re carrying negative emotions. You deserve the peace of mind and your loved one deserves forgiveness so that both parties can move forward together.

Build their confidence

If you are ready to mend a broken relationship with your loved one, the first thing you should do is to help build up their confidence. Tell them how much you value them and how important they are in your life. Your loved one is experiencing waves of emotions when undergoing rehab and the last thing you want is to add to those conflictions even further.

You can help your loved one overcome those emotions by focusing on their positive qualities and traits. Let them know that you see beyond their addiction and you value their commitment towards rehabilitation. Phrases like “I’m proud of you for doing this” or “I’m happy to see you sober” can instil a sense of confidence in them and position you as a positive force at this stage of their life.

Show your support

Having a strong support system is key to successful rehabilitation. During the early stages of rehab, your loved one may feel lonely and afraid. You can assure them by showing your support throughout the entire process. Remind your loved one that you’re always there for them and that they can reach out to you anytime.

It’s also crucial that you speak to their treatment counsellors so you can learn more about their rehab journey. Once your loved one has felt your support, they will become more connected with you and they’ll start to trust you even more as they progress with their rehab.

Encourage family counselling

Family influences play a huge role in a person’s chances of successful rehabilitation. This is why having a concrete relationship with family members is crucial for putting your loved one in the best position to succeed. When undergoing rehab, your loved ones receive most of the attention and resources from medical personnel, therapists, and addiction specialists.

Sometimes they can feel overwhelmed by the attention from these people and they may feel a bit uncomfortable opening up about their feelings. With family counselling, you encourage your loved one to open up and communicate better with family members. This can help resolve issues and help with self-reflection as your loved one moves forward with their rehab.

Communicating with your loved one is an important part of their journey to recovery. By following these steps, you can establish a stronger connection with your loved one and help set them up for future success.

It also helps to choose the right rehab facility where your loved one is surrounded by esteemed medical professionals and staff who can make them feel safe and comfortable whilst undergoing rehabilitation. If you’re looking for the best drug rehab in Bali, contact Calm Rehab today and we’ll be happy to hear from you.

Support Addiction Recovery

7 Ways Creativity Can Support Addiction Recovery

Addiction stifles creativity, but creativity can play an important role in recovering from the disease. Many people who become addicted to drugs or alcohol have alexithymia, a term that describes people who don’t understand what they’re feeling or how others feel or can’t put their feelings into words. Creative approaches such as art therapy, music therapy, and psychodrama allow people to express difficult thoughts, memories, and feelings without being constrained by words.

Having a creative experience has been shown to be healing in many ways. Here are a few examples:


  1. A pathway through shame – Addicts carry a great deal of guilt and shame that can be difficult to put into words. Creative approaches can help them process these feelings so they don’t trigger a relapse. Research with sex addicts, for example, has shown that shameful feelings are often more easily expressed through the use of imagery or symbolism than words.

  2. A chance for vicarious healing – People who have experienced trauma and are not yet ready to talk about it may be able to describe their pain through art, writing or role play, or they may see their own pain in someone else’s creative expression. With a therapist guiding the process, creative approaches can be a stepping stone that allows people to eventually talk about their pain rather than escape through drugs or alcohol.
  3. Regulates emotions – Engaging in a creative activity can open a new channel for people to connect with their emotions. For example, studies show that listening to music can foster a healing environment and reduce stress. One study found that partaking in music, such as singing in a choir, reduced negative emotional states.


  1. Assists in coping with loss – Talk therapy has long been a standard approach for helping people through loss and life transitions. Studies have shown that writing about one’s experience is another form of traumatic disclosure that can be cathartic. One study followed people who were recently unemployed and found that those assigned to write about thoughts and emotions related to being fired or laid off found new jobs faster than those who did not participate in expressive writing exercises.
  2. Supports mastery in other ideas – People who participate in creative pursuits not only fuel their creativity, but they may also become more proficient in other aspects of their lives. A study of employees in non-creative jobs who sought creative activities like writing and art showed improved job performance and ability to recover from work stress.
  3. Increases playfulness – People are often so wounded by life that they forget what it is like to be childlike and carefree. Creativity can help connect people to a more fun, lighthearted part of themselves. Creative activities that promote play such as dance, rock climbing or chess also have been shown to help people feel more in control of their environment.
  4. Creates opportunities for “flow.” – Many artists describe getting lost in the creative process. Studies show creativity changes the brain and allows people an uninterrupted or purer focus. Creativity research calls it “flow.” And it’s described by Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi as the experience of “being completely involved in an activity for its own sake.” This optimal experience can help people feel more present and fulfilled.

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Every individual recovers from addiction in their own way. This is why it is so important for addiction treatment programs to offer a mixture of therapeutic approaches. Some will rely on verbal expressions, like cognitive behavioural therapy, but some may be less verbal like art therapy. For people who can’t articulate their thoughts or experiences to a therapist or group, creative therapies can help them break through and slowly begin to find the words.

Calm Rehab Centre

Is there a Difference Between a Rehab Centre and a Treatment Centre?

While the words may be used interchangeably in casual conversation, there is a difference between substance abuse treatment and rehab. According to NIDA, the National Institute on Drug Abuse, addiction is a treatable, chronic disease that can be managed successfully. In a lot of ways, addiction is very similar to chronic diseases like heart disease or diabetes. It can be treated. It can be managed. But the reality of the situation is that addiction isn’t something that disappears after a short stint in rehab. It’s something you learn how to manage in a treatment center.

Exploring the Difference Between Rehab and Treatment

Generally speaking, rehabs are created by addicts and alcoholics that want to help other addicts and alcoholics. At its heart, it’s a great idea with a lot of good intentions behind it, but the unfortunate truth is that a lot of rehab centers are still focused on the idea of “curing” addiction through various activities and methods that are based solely on a few people’s experience in addiction recovery.

Despite our name, Calm Rehab is very much a treatment center in Bali, with a number of proven treatment modalities used to aid the clients’ recovery and delivered by qualified professionals. Unlike most treatment centers in Asia, we are not 12-Step based, instead we create person-centered treatment plans, some which may be based around abstinence, while others fall into the harm reduction method.

Addiction treatment has grown a lot over the years. As we’ve learned more and more about the nature of addiction and how it affects a person’s way of thinking, the focus has shifted from “curing” alcoholics to rehabilitating them. This change of emphasis from removing addiction to treating addiction may seem like semantics, but it’s important that people understand that sobriety isn’t something you gain and keep. It needs to be maintained and managed overtime.

Substance Abuse Treatment Relies Heavily on Proven Methods of Therapy

Substance Abuse Treatment

Treatment centers aren’t experimenting with different off-the-wall treatment options, they’re following a simple, proven formula to help recovering addicts get back on their feet. This all begins with getting the user off drugs or alcohol. After this, the focus of treatment shifts to repairing the damaging effects that drugs and alcohol had on the user. These two steps generally occur during detox, a process based in clinical research rather than a vague idea of “what may work” for addicts. The goal of this process is to give substance abusers a chance to rid their body of drugs and alcohol in a safe, substance-free environment before giving them the tools they need to maintain that sobriety in the real world.

After detox, treatment centers work to teach recovering addicts the coping skills required to abstain from drugs and alcohol in the future. That means building a support system, learning what to do when you experience cravings, and learning how to express emotion through healthy outlets. There are a lot of different methods that can be employed in a treatment center, but none of them are untested or unproven. Treatment specialists are bound to proven, effective methods of treatment, and that’s a good thing! People are fallible, and while personal experience can give someone a lot of insight, not every personal experience is universal. In fact, so many aspects of addiction recovery are unique to each person and what may have been beneficial for one person, can cause another to falter in their sobriety.

How to Tell the Difference Between a Treatment Center and a Rehab

There are a lot of questions you can ask a substance abuse center to determine whether they are a treatment center or a rehab. You can ask them to elaborate on any of the below topics as well. A treatment center is always going to be open and clear when answering your questions.

  • Do they offer medically assisted treatment/detox?
  • Are treatment specialists, nurses, or doctors on staff?
  • Are their methods based on the disease model of addiction?
  • What methods of therapy are used throughout treatment?
  • Can they give you a basic summary of their treatment plan?
  • Avoid substance abuse centers that use words like “eclectic”, “spiritual”, and “mindfulness” when answering these questions. These words have very little meaning and have little-to-no relation to addiction treatment.

Overall, you want to find an addiction treatment center that will answer your questions with concrete responses. They will give you actual details such as their methods of therapy and interventions. They should be willing and able to guide you through their system of therapies, while also providing the objectives of those therapies. Their explanations should paint a clear picture of how each treatment methods works together and what the expected outcome of those methods are. If they can’t do that, then you may not be speaking with a treatment center. You may be talking to a rehab.

For more information on the various treatment modalities used by Calm, or our approach to treatment, please don’t hesitate to contact us. 


Addiction Recovery

Opening Up About Your Addiction Recovery

It’s natural to feel resistant about going to rehab for your addiction. Seeking treatment means a whole world of new possibilities, many of which are frightening. You might fail the first time around. You might succeed and get sober only to realize you have no idea how to live without drugs or alcohol. These fears and resistance to going into rehab and therapy can make you want to clam up. Your best chance at successful recovery comes when you give yourself fully to the process, and this means opening up, sharing your weaknesses, and likely feeling vulnerable. Here’s how to get past your fears and misgivings and open up to your therapist and fellow recovering addicts.

  1. Commit to the program

Despite all your reservations, fears and uncertainties, give yourself the best chance of success by committing to your recognised treatment program within a rehab facility from the beginning. If you go into rehab with a positive attitude and the willingness to do what it takes to get well, you will find it easier to open up to others as a part of your treatment.

  1. Take time to listen

If you are feeling hesitant about opening up in therapy or group sessions, give yourself a little time to get comfortable. This is a completely new experience and you are out of your element. As you settle in, listen to those around you. Listen to your fellow patients opening up in group therapy. Absorb what they have to say and notice how others react. No one is ridiculed for sharing personal stories and feelings, right? Listening to others will help you to realize that you are in a safe place and will help you feel comfortable about talking when it’s your turn.

  1. Write down your experiences in a journal

Opening up to others is a big step. Start with a baby step if you’re finding it difficult to do. Open up to yourself by writing down what you want to share with your therapist or your peers. As you begin to write down what you feel and what you have experienced, the task of saying these things aloud, and to others, will become easier to do.

PTSD And Therapy

  1. Let your therapist guide you

You may not be asked to open up in a group session on the first day, but your counsellor or therapist will want to hear from you in one-on-one talks right away. This may be easier than talking to a small group, but it’s still tough. Remember that your therapist is there to guide you through your treatment. Let her guide your sessions and what you talk about. The pressure is not all on you to decide what to say. Once you get going you may just find that you can’t stop talking.

  1. Know when to not open up

Your rehab facility, and especially your time with your therapist, should feel safe. While it’s natural to feel reluctant to speak up at first, you should be able to relax into the process of talking about yourself. If you just can’t do it, or your gut is telling you that something isn’t right, you might not be the problem. Not all programs or therapists are created equal. If you feel uncomfortable where you are, get out and find a program or a therapist that does feel right.

Opening up is never easy. When you have so much bottled-up shame and guilt because of your addiction, getting your feelings out in the open is both a challenge and a catharsis. Take steps toward opening up and you will reap the rewards of a true breakthrough.

Weather Affect a Person's Recovery

How Does the Weather Affect a Person’s Recovery?

We may not realise it, but the weather can affect us on any given day. Just like how a gloomy overcast day can make us feel tired and motivated, a bright, sunny day can make us feel enthusiastic and ready to work. When you or your loved one is recovering from addiction, it is essential to consider all factors that contribute to substance abuse. Factors like where you live, the people you’re surrounded with, and the weather you experience can have a huge impact on your sobriety.

In this article, we’ll be talking about how the weather can affect a person’s recovery and what you can do to ensure you’re staying on the right track.

The effects of cold weather on recovering individuals

The winter months are often associated with feelings of melancholy and it’s because of the lack of stimulation from remaining indoors. As the temperatures fall and the skies are blanketed with clouds, our serotonin and melatonin levels are disrupted. These two hormones are responsible for stabilising our mood, happiness, and feelings of well-being, which is why you generally find summer to be more exciting because increased exposure to sunlight can help release serotonin and melatonin in the body.

Cold weather seasons can bring forth a condition called ‘Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) which is a type of depression that’s linked to changes in-between seasons. Symptoms of seasonal affective disorder can include:

  • Lack of energy throughout the day
  • Having trouble concentrating on tasks
  • Fatigue
  • Increased appetite
  • Oversleeping

According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, around 60% of addicts have a co-occurring mental disorder, suggesting an overlap of genetic vulnerabilities and environmental triggers. This means that a person with Seasonal Affective Disorder is at a greater risk of relapse, drug use, and addiction initiation.

What about spring and summer?

While the spring and summer months feel more lively and enthusiastic, they do present a couple of pitfalls for recovering individuals. This is due to a variety of situational and environmental factors that can potentially contribute to a relapse. Some of the additional stresses a person in recovery might experience include:

  • Children coming home from spring break
  • Spring and summer parties with family and friends
  • Increased availability of drugs and alcohol
  • Stress from past memories of drinking alcohol or using drugs on a warm, sunny day
  • Additional stress brought by heat waves, which has been scientifically proven to increase drug use

Holidays can also affect recovering individuals. Events like Halloween, Christmas, and New Year’s Eve can serve as reminders of times spent partying. During these celebrations, it can be tempting to try out alcohol or other substances that may derail your recovery.

Maintaining your recovery as the seasons change

Recovering individuals require steadfast preparation to manage the stresses of the various weather changes. It’s best to sharpen your coping mechanisms each year and find healthy habits that you can stick to for the long-term. As you progress with your recovery, you’ll find that the changing seasons won’t have much of an effect on you like they used to before.

Seasonal Recovery

Here are a couple of tips that you can use to prepare for the seasonal changes and maintain your recovery:

  • Be aware of certain holidays and events that may affect your recovery.
  • Don’t hesitate to ask for help when things feel challenging. Having a friend or family member provide support and accountability will greatly benefit you and your recovery.
  • Celebrate the holidays under your own terms, meaning no alcohol, no partying, and avoiding people who may put you at risk of relapse.
  • If you start feeling stressed or depressed, make sure to speak with your therapist and discuss things appropriately.
  • If you feel that you are having issues with your mental health, set up a time to talk to a therapist.
  • Remind friends and family to avoid consuming alcohol or other harmful substances whenever you’re with them.
  • Avoid family gatherings if you aren’t sure you can manage the stresses associated with it. This is very important especially if your family hasn’t expressed their utmost support for your recovery.
  • Make plans during the winter that will help keep you busy. Being active is one of the best ways to combat SAD as it stimulates your mind and boosts endorphin production which is the happy hormone.
  • Set a plan for when you start having cravings. Think of positive coping mechanisms that will keep your mind occupied.
  • Attend extra meetings during stressful times. You might even need additional treatment during the winter or the holidays.

At the end of the day, it’s about recognising the potential triggers and doing your best to avoid them regardless of the weather or the season. While the seasons may come and go, your sobriety is the only thing you can control. If you or your loved one is struggling with addiction recovery, don’t hesitate to reach out and ask for help. By establishing a solid recovery foundation, you can reconnect with your loved ones and enjoy social interactions without fear of relapse or setbacks. If you feel the need to speak to a professional then we strongly urge you to speak with us at Calm Rehab, who is a leading rehab in Bali.


Addiction Development

How Trauma Contributes to Addiction Development

Traumatic events can shape an individual in many ways. Whether it’s an abusive childhood or a serious experience you faced as an adult, these situations can change how you view yourself and the world around you. It’s not uncommon for someone who’s had a traumatic experience develop an addiction at some point in their life. But why is this exactly? How does trauma contribute to addiction development?

In this article, we’ll be discussing the connection between trauma and addiction to hopefully help individuals find the hope and healing they need for recovery.

Trauma and its effect on the human brain

The human brain is known to adapt to different situations. Thanks to a trait called plasticity, the brain responds to anything and everything individual experiences in their life. This ability plays into your daily life experiences, allowing you to develop new skills and create new memories as you navigate through the world.

Both good and bad experiences contribute to the growth of your brain’s neurons, causing them to change or break depending on the necessary adjustments to keep you functioning. It’s this skill that enables patients who suffered traumatic brain injuries to re-learn walking or speaking. If you think about it, the brain can literally rewire itself to allow you to continue to live normally.

So how does this correlate to addiction development? How does a bad experience follow you throughout your life? Plasticity is also the reason why the experiences you had in childhood carry over to your transition to adolescence. They affect how you think, speak, behave, and react to different situations. It’s clear that the connection between childhood trauma and addiction development is strong which is why some people resort to drugs or alcohol to cope with the traumatic feelings that still reside in them.

Cognitive psychologists believe that trauma and maltreatment can cause abnormalities in the brain structure. These abnormalities can create numerous problems with cognition and behaviour due to high cortisol levels and other stress hormones that arise from traumatic experiences.

Trauma can also lead to a variety of mental health issues, with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) being one example. Almost two-thirds of individuals with addiction have experienced some form of trauma during their childhood. They may also mimic their alcohol or drug abuse based on behaviours they’ve witnessed from family members while growing up. Such issues can make people feel compelled to self-medicate, thus establishing the foundation between trauma and addiction development.

Private Drug Addiction Therapy

PTSD and addiction

Individuals who have PTSD and addiction have a co-occurring disorder or a dual diagnosis. While PTSD isn’t limited to individuals with a career in the military, around 35-37% of veterans who have it is known to use drugs and/or alcohol as a form of coping mechanism, leaving them feeling worse as they get deeper into their addiction. Individuals with PTSD may also resort to substances to manage their triggers or symptoms like:

  • Depression
  • Social isolation
  • Agitation
  • Hypersensitivity
  • Insomnia

Depending on the symptom, the patient may try to cure themselves through alcohol and drug abuse. Of course, this method of self-treatment does not work and the individual will develop a tolerance to their substance of choice, thus facilitating the link between trauma and addiction even further.

Anyone with an addiction and a mental health disorder has a dual diagnosis including those with anxiety, depression, or schizophrenia. A treatment facility must be able to address both the addiction cycle and the underlying trauma that led to the development of that addiction to offer the patient the best chance of recovery.

While treating the two conditions simultaneously is crucial to a successful recovery, getting to the underlying trauma can prove quite challenging if the patient is still under the influence of drugs or alcohol.

Treating addiction caused by trauma

Comprehensive addiction treatment and therapy begins by detoxifying the patient’s body. This effectively removes the harmful substances from the person whilst recovering in a medically supervised environment. From there, a compassionate team of addiction specialists can focus on behavioural rehabilitation based on the patient’s needs. Ultimately, through trust and collaboration, you can move forward with the traumatic experience and head on to the right path of addiction recovery.

Like we’ve mentioned, the brain is known to adapt well to different situations. As you learn new healthy coping mechanisms, you’ll be able to regain confidence and self-esteem, thus setting yourself up for future success.

While traumatic experiences may be a part of your past, they don’t have to be a part of your future. At Calm Rehab, the leading rehab centre in Bali our trauma therapy program offers individualised treatment to offer you the tools you need to break free of addiction. By treating trauma and addiction at the same time, you can start your journey to recovery and move forward with a renewed perspective.