Since the pandemic, people around the world have been experiencing grief, loneliness, and hopelessness. In return, there has been a spike in the consumption of alcohol and drugs. Thus, we can conclude that the impacts of COVID on humans go beyond the physical symptoms. Instead, the pandemic has caused a great deal of emotional and mental stress on people and in this article, the team at Calm Rehab take a look at some of the causes.

What is COVID stress syndrome? 

According to a 2021 Australian study conducted by Flinders University, people are experiencing severe traumatic stress symptoms as a result of the ongoing worldwide pandemic. Furthermore, it has aggravated various mental health issues, such as anxiety, depression, psychosocial dysfunction, and pre-existing PTSD.

The COVID stress syndrome is a complicated condition characterised by numerous forms of worry, checking and reassurance-seeking, re-experiencing symptoms, and other related behaviours like excessive crowd avoidance and panic buying.

The components of the COVID stress syndrome: 

1. Danger and contamination fear: Fear is a natural human response to danger. It directs our decisions and        actions to save us from putting our health and lives at risk. The coronavirus outbreak has heightened fears and concerns. Furthermore, fear shows itself through unnecessary self-isolation, crowd avoidance, panic purchasing, and other excessive behaviours.

2. Socioeconomic concerns: The Coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak has not only brought an unparalleled health catastrophe but has also caused severe economic downturns throughout the world. Since the global economy is heavily linked and interdependent via global supply networks, COVID-19 caused irreversible damage. Furthermore, it quickly resulted in catastrophic socioeconomic consequences such as income loss, company disruption, and health issues.

Specifically, during the COVID-19 epidemic, unemployment reached unprecedented highs. In fact, it was said to have surpassed those of the Great Depression. These employment and income losses, however, were not felt equitably. Several studies have found that certain ethnic and age groups have experienced greater financial challenges.

Meanwhile, the virus imposed long-term consequences for companies. Several businesses laid off staff and halted critical projects and plans. Due to financial constraints, several firms intended to seek funding. Additionally, the adverse effects vary across the different industries. Reports on retail, entertainment, and food businesses have implicated job losses of more than 50%. Finance, professional services, and real estate-related firms, on the other hand, faced less impact since these industries were better prepared to transition to remote production.

3. Xenophobia: Fear and uncertainty are natural in the middle of a pandemic, but they should not be used to excuse xenophobia and racism. Xenophobia is the fear and loathing of outsiders or foreigners in general. Furthermore, racist and xenophobic events have been common in the aftermath of the pandemic. They include verbal and physical attacks, social isolation, denial of access to products and services, commercial boycotts, discriminatory mobility restrictions and quarantine regulations, and other forms of harassment.

4. Traumatic stress: People have experienced various emotional challenges due to the pandemic. Furthermore, people who are experiencing severe stress are those who lost a family member as a result of COVID, those who have learned of the death or danger of death of a family member or friend, and those who have been exposed to unpleasant and unspeakable facts. This caused people to have nightmares, changed behaviour, and other life-changing shifts.

5. Compulsive checking and reassurance-seeking: Behaviours associated with this include panic purchasing and the usage of personal protection equipment. Panic purchasing caused by a fear of running out of goods is fueled by emotions and social factors, and it provides people with a sense of control over the situation. During natural catastrophes and health crises, people may exhibit these unusual behaviours to cope with the many anxieties and uncertainties that follow the current situation. During COVID, individuals have also been storing up on protective gear such as masks, gloves, face shields, gowns, and more.

How to deal with COVID stress syndrome: 

Now that we’ve identified the many sources of stress brought on by the pandemic, here are some strategies to assist you to cope:

1. Be more gentle with yourself: High-stress situations may bring out the best and worst in individuals. While some argue that now is a good time to focus on yourself and become the best version of yourself, it is fine if you are moving at a slower rate than others. Furthermore, remember that it is okay to have breaks and take a deep breath. Don’t be too harsh on yourself if you want to spend the day watching your favourite movie and playing with your pet.

2. Do things you love: Setting time in your busy schedule to do fun activities will help you relieve stress, improve your mood, and broaden your social network. Taking some time to do things you are deeply passionate about will help you briefly forget your obligations, stay present, and perform self-reflection.

3. Spend some time outside: Nature will elicit a wide range of good feelings, including tranquillity, joy, and creativity. Not only that but going out to get some fresh air can also help you with your overall focus. The nature connection is also related to reduced levels of poor mental health, namely lower levels of sadness and anxiety.

4. Consume healthier meals: A nutritious, well-balanced diet can improve your ability to think clearly and feel more awake. It also helps with concentration and attention span. 

5. An insufficient diet, on the other hand, can cause tiredness and poor decision-making.

6. Prioritise good sleep: Finally, sleeping allows us to recover from both mental and physical fatigue. Sleep and health are inextricably linked; bad sleep increases the likelihood of poor health, and poor health makes it more difficult to sleep. Furthermore, fixing your sleeping schedule and making sure you have enough rest is one big step to reducing stress during these trying times.

Depression can adversely affect a person’s cognitive, emotional, behavioural, and physical state. One of the most harmful characteristics of depression is that it fools you into believing that nothing will help you get out of it, and it traps you in a loop of dysfunctional thinking, emotion, and behaviour. 

It takes time to recover from and cope with depression. What heals one may not work the next, which is why you should be aware of as many methods to help you with your current situation. That way, you will discover what works best for you.

This new article by Calm Rehab, the first choice rehab facility in Bali, will go into the many available ways to help you manage depression. Additionally, we will also attempt to have a better knowledge of depression to treat the issues directly.

What is depression? 

Depression is a mental illness that is characterised by an ongoing sense of melancholy and loss of interest. Also known as major depressive disorder or clinical depression, this condition impairs your feelings, thoughts, and behaviour and can result in a range of emotional and physical difficulties.

The majority of people experience sadness or depression at times, as it is a  natural response to loss or even life’s difficulties. However, if extreme sorrow persists for several days to weeks and prevents you from living your life, it may be something more. In this case,  you might be suffering from clinical depression.

What are the different symptoms of depression? 

Depression is a broad term that is frequently used to describe how we feel after a difficult week at work or school. However, major depressive disorder is far more complex. There are distinct symptoms that distinguish depression from the sorrow that we all experience on occasion throughout life. 


  • Suicidal thoughts and behaviours: Depression is recognised as a major cause of suicide. Suicidal people are overcome with terrible feelings and perceive death as the only way out, losing sight of the reality that suicide is a permanent “fix” to a momentary situation. 
  • Sad or empty feeling: Deep sorrow is a typical symptom of depression and can become chronic and severe. Melancholia is a form of sadness that progresses to the point where you lose interest in virtually everything in your life.
  • Incapable of accomplishing anything: Some people who suffer from depression lose interest in activities they formerly enjoyed. Sports, social gatherings, and even hobbies are examples of this. Furthermore, they usually turn down invitations or opportunities to join in activities or connect with others. 
  • Feeling worthless and guilty: A sense of worthlessness go with pessimism and insignificance. While these sentiments are frequently associated with depression, they can also occur as a result of poor self-esteem, neglect, abuse, trauma, or challenging events.
  • Constant anger and irritability: When someone is sad, they are more prone to be irritated. Moreover, this often results in snapping at others over insignificant occurrences. Depression may also intensify unpleasant feelings at the time, making them difficult to control.


How can I cope with depression? 

While depression may have a devastating effect on a person, the good news is that it is treatable. With that, below are just some of the ways one can overcome depression: 


  • Get a decent quantity of sleep: Sleep deprivation can impair your ability to think rationally and maintain a stable emotional state. Furthermore, this has been shown to affect work performance, destabilise relationships, and contribute to anger and depression.
  • Determine your ultimate life purpose: To avoid depression, one should try to find their purpose in life. Research states that this can help you live a better and longer life.
  • Make a list of minor goals to complete: Creating lists of goals you want to achieve essentially gives you something to look forward to. In exchange, you enrich your life with greater depth and even excitement. 
  • Make a note of recurrent thoughts: Mental health professionals advocate journaling as a way to enhance your mood and manage depression symptoms. Moreover, writing in a journal can help you recognise and become more aware of your feelings and thoughts.
  • Minimise procrastination: Procrastination makes you put off a complex activity in favour of something more pleasurable or simple. If you get used to delaying tasks, you become at risk of developing a lack of motivation and even depression.
  • Keep in touch with friends and family: Your family and friends contribute to your sense of belonging, self-confidence, and ability to cope with stress or worry. Research has indicated that people who have close connections throughout their adolescent years have a decreased risk of anxiety and depression late in life.
  • Adjust your focus: If your mood is so heavy that it feels difficult to question your ideas, take a step back and focus on something else. 
  • Maintain social activities: Although it may feel more comfortable to withdraw into your shell while sad, being around other people will help you feel better.
  • Avoid consuming alcohol or other harmful substances: While drinking and other drug abuse may appear to be a good method to distract, remove, or numb oneself from the pangs of depression, they only worsen the problems.
  • Seek expert assistance: It is critical to seek mental health treatment since a trained therapist is best equipped to assess your symptoms and determine the severity of your issue. Moreover, the knowledge and experience these professionals hold are critical for developing treatments.


Different approaches to treat depression: 

According to the Beyond Blue study, A guide to what works for depression, the following are the top six methods and therapies for depression’s indications and symptoms: 

  1. Behaviour Therapy 
  2. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy 
  3. Interpersonal Therapy
  4. At-home or Online Therapy 
  5. Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy 
  6. Antidepressant Drugs


drug Addiction Rehab Bali

Defining cross-addiction 

When someone has two or more addictive habits, this is referred to as cross-addiction. Furthermore, it implies that a person is more likely to acquire more and severe addictive tendencies. 

This is essentially not the same as having several addictions at the same time. Instead, it is the result of one addiction taking the place of the first and then followed by another. Furthermore, cross-addiction might not happen right away once the initial addiction has ended. In fact, it could take years.

How and why does cross-addiction happen? 

Cross addiction can happen for a variety of reasons, but these causes are most frequently described as accidental or even unintentional. For one, the pleasurable sensation experienced from a drug can encourage you to keep using it, eventually leading to increasing usage and addiction. Another factor for cross-addiction is a lack of knowledge. In fact, some of the most common addictions are not recognized as so. 

Environmental stressors, such as the loss of a job, the death of a family member, or another traumatic event, might induce a cross-addiction. This is why, rather than focusing on the consequences of cross-addiction on the drug being misused, treatment for cross-addiction should focus on personal and deeper underlying issues. 

What are the most commonly observed cross-addictions? 

Cross-addictions are not necessarily associated with the use of drugs or alcohol. In fact, some of them do not seem alarming at first. With that, here are some of the most common cross-addictions observed among the population:

Social media or the internet

It is no surprise that the internet and social media are designed to lure you in and keep you clicking. Whether it is on dating apps, online markets, or news feeds, the internet provides a never-ending supply of ways to escape our everyday routines. 

Social media addiction is a type of behavioural addiction characterized by excessive concern about social media, an uncontrolled need to log on to or use social media, and dedicating so much time and effort to social media that it interferes with other essential aspects of one’s life. A significant change in mood and other interpersonal issues will be present in addictive social media usage, just as they are in any other drug use disease.

Working out 

Exercise can cause your brain to release chemicals that provide a feeling of reward or pleasure. In return, exercise addiction is ultimately a result of reliance on this pleasurable reaction.

However, being addicted to exercise is not as beneficial as you may think, as this need for constant physical movement can stem from various mental health issues. This may include intense insecurity, body dysmorphia, and eating disorders. Thus, excessive weight loss and weight-related health problems might be the outcome of exercise addiction.

Food consumption 

Experiments in animals and humans have shown that food activates the same reward and pleasure regions of the brain that are engaged by addictive substances like cocaine and heroin. Highly palatable meals, like addictive medications, cause the release of feel-good brain chemicals like dopamine. These foods include those that contain a lot of sugar, salt, and fat. 


Nicotine is a substance found in cigarettes that makes quitting difficult. It causes a brief but pleasurable impact on the brain, which causes people to consume them continuously. Moreover, nicotine is said to enhance elements of cognition, such as the capacity to maintain attention and store information in memory. However, in the long run, smoking nicotine will bring you severe and irreversible effects. Long-term smoking is linked to cognitive deterioration and an increased risk of Alzheimer’s disease.

Other possible cross addictions 

Cross-addictions can develop with a wide range of activities, even some that are generally considered to be normal. Furthermore, other cross-addictions include sex, excessive money spending, and gambling.

How can I deal with and overcome cross-addiction? 

Accepting that you will feel tempted to consume drugs, alcohol, nicotine, food, etc., is a sensible strategy to cope with cross-addiction. What counts is what you do with those moments. With that, here are other ways you can deal with cross-addiction: 

Seek professional help

There are several issues and concerns that we cannot deal with alone. Thus, in cases like this, you will need to seek help from reliable professionals. Therapists are trained for years to recognize specific characteristics that contribute to cross-addiction and mental disease. For someone trapped in a cross-addiction cycle, seeking medical help for a year or more is typically the best course of action. 

Acquire the ability to tolerate your cravings

Yes, this is easier said than done. However, one of the most effective ways to deal with this concern is by controlling your cravings. These cravings are both physical and emotional, and addicts frequently do not know how to cope with them even after they have completed detox. One approach to tolerate these emotions is to discover new skills to deal with immense feelings like anger, annoyance, and sadness that does not involve taking drugs or alcohol.  

Do not be too hard on yourself

Like what was mentioned a few times in this article, addiction usually stems from more underlying concerns caused by traumatic events. Without even realizing it, we sometimes tell ourselves awful stories about ourselves. The more we believe these stories, the more likely we are to engage in substance misuse. Therefore, one of the first steps to take when dealing with cross-addiction is by validating yourself and giving yourself more credit for everything you have been through and accomplished this far.  

If you require any further advise or assistance then get in touch with Calm Rehab, the leading rehab center in Bali, Indonesia.

relapse and rehabilitation Bali

COVID 19 effects that go further than physical symptoms 

A pandemic is not only an occurrence that concerns the medical field. Rather, it impacts society by creating disruption, worry, and a lot of stress. Furthermore, the COVID-19 epidemic has most certainly changed the way we all live our lives. It has brought us constant uncertainty, new daily routines, financial strains, and social isolation.  

However, COVID 19 is not the only pandemic that has caused suffering and torment across the globe. Addiction can arguably be considered a pandemic since it has taken millions of lives in recent years. 

Worsen addictions during the pandemic

Some people have increased their alcohol and drug consumption in the hopes of coping with their worries about the pandemic. However, these drugs only worsen depression and anxiety. The case is not different with people who have already gone to rehabilitation. 

The population is now forced to discover new ways to combat addiction because formal group meetings and treatment centres are not accessible anymore. To add to that, there are no more restaurants, concerts, or even church gatherings. As a result, people are left with their own thoughts and are forced to deal with their problems alone.

Due to this, more people are now drinking and using illegal drugs inside their homes. Unfortunately, considering everything, some of those who have already beat their addictions before have now unnoticeably relapsed.

How to fight relapse while dealing with COVID 19 

Relapses are frequently observed in the alcohol and drug treatment process. This is so common that estimates now range from 40% to 60% of persons in recovery experiencing at least one relapse before achieving complete sobriety. However, this number has since increased because of COVID 19. In fact, some people go as far as to estimate the percentage to be 90%. 

With that, you should be aware of the warning signals that can tell if recovering drug addicts or alcoholics are going through a relapse. Some telling signs include a noticeable decline in appetite and hygiene, not being honest with emotions, and a change in sleeping patterns. Also, some people who are experiencing relapse tend to lose their interest and motivation to attend even virtual support meetings and completely stop doing things they love. 

Furthermore, if you feel like you or a person you know is currently struggling with this, here are some of the ways you can fight relapse:

Build meaningful relationships

It has been challenging to stay connected with friends and family during these times when we are required to isolate ourselves. However, we need relationships to stay positive and sane. Therefore, you should always make time each day to communicate virtually via email, SMS, phone, FaceTime, or other helpful social applications.

Choose what you consume on social media 

During the COVID-19 epidemic, social media usage exploded to the extent that it has become an integral element of today’s healthcare systems. However, the effects of social media can do more harm than good to people dealing with addiction and relapse. 

For the most part, you cannot control what appears on your social media platforms. Furthermore, you prevent going through some pieces of content or information that can trigger some part of your brain linked to your addiction. Therefore, it is always good to be mindful and control what you consume on the screen. You can do so by limiting the use of your devices altogether or blocking the accounts or news outlets that can fuel anxiety, depression, and the feeling of isolation.

Let your emotions out 

Having someone to talk to in any circumstance brings a lot of benefits and advantages. To begin, you should avoid judging and even invalidating your emotions. Moreover, you should allow yourself or your loved one to feel the intensity of what is going on. 

When one recognizes exactly how they feel, it is easier to address the concerns. Downplaying the situation will only create a lot of doubt and insecurity for the people going through the relapse. Therefore, allowing an individual to know that you are there to encourage them and learn more about what they are going through will help them not repeat their negative patterns of behaviour. 

Keep necessary boundaries 

While it is essential to have people beside you during these sad times, it will also help to put up some boundaries. Maintaining appropriate boundaries now might be the difference between them receiving the necessary treatment and falling farther into a relapse. Boundaries provide the message that while you love and support the person going through a relapse, you will not tolerate their self-destructive activities. 

Before setting up some boundaries, you should first understand and recognize that sobriety lies within your loved one and not you. Therefore, you should start by accepting the extent of help you can provide. With that in mind, you should purposefully encourage and motivate your loved ones in a way that will not appear pushy. Along with this, you should make it known that you will be by their side all the way, whatever happens. 

Make conscious efforts to take care of yourself

Since spending time outdoors is not always possible because of COVID 19, you can do self-care by increasing your physical activity indoors. You don’t even need to do those very vigorous exercises. Instead, you can opt for more peaceful and low-impact activities such as yoga and simple stretching. Along with keeping your body moving is having a healthy and balanced diet. According to some specialists in addiction research, changes in nutrition may be an effective strategy to help addiction recovery and prevent high rates of relapse. 

If COVID has affected you in any way and you feel the need to speak with a professional then get in touch with the number one alcohol and drug rehab in Bali.

Sleeping Disorder

it is not unusual for individuals to become addicted to certain drugs. Yet with a wide range of different options to choose from, it is also common that there are many different avenues to assist one with quitting. Some people may choose to slowly taper off substances, while others may opt for the cold turkey approach. Quitting substance use suddenly and abruptly, or “cold turkey,” can lead to many risks. Particularly, if the drug you are discontinuing is alcohol, a benzodiazepine, or an opiate. 

It is also not advisable if you happen to have been using any drug in large amounts and/or for any long periods. This is because what you have been using may include one of the high-risk drugs mentioned above, or because it is common that you may suffer from extreme withdrawal symptoms.

The Appeal of Quitting Cold Turkey

For many addicts, quitting cold turkey seems to be more appealing as it may be easier to quit the drug entirely than to use it moderately. This is due to the fact that your usual mode is to take the drug in an unrestrained manner. Many individuals feel that they can more easily separate themselves from the world of drug use if they do so completely and at once, by avoiding all of the people, places, and other reminders of the drug and starting from scratch.

Yet the cold turkey approach may not be the most effective way to quit — especially for people who are dependent on a substance. Quitting too quickly can lead to unpleasant and challenging withdrawal symptoms and a powerful urge to start using the substance again.


Quitting can be dangerous to do on your own due to the way the nervous system tends to adapt to certain high dependency drugs. Taking these drugs out of your system all of a sudden can lead to a variety of serious and potentially life-threatening medical conditions, such as seizures and heart problems.

Even drugs that have a lesser physical dependence, such as cocaine, amphetamines, and nicotine, can lead to many severe and unpleasant withdrawal symptoms which can make life uncomfortable and emotionally difficult.

One danger of quitting cold turkey is that your body will quickly lose tolerance to alcohol or drugs, so if you end up relapsing and then take your usual amount of the drug, you are at a higher risk of overdose.

Common Withdrawal Symptoms Include

  • Having trouble sleeping
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Appetite changes
  • Increased feelings of depression and/or anxiety
  • Feeling agitated or irritable
  • Cravings
  • Hallucinations
  • Body tremors
  • Paranoia

Cold Turkey

Withdrawal symptoms can last for differing time periods after quitting, depending on the substance involved. By choosing to go cold turkey, a person may experience much more extreme withdrawal symptoms initially.

Usually, someone who drinks or uses drugs heavily on a regular basis for a long time will suffer the most. Also, choosing to mix other drugs with alcohol can increase the levels of dependence as well. 

Medical Supervision for Drug Abstinence Is Safest Option

This does not mean you cannot become abstinent, but especially if you are quitting alcohol, a benzodiazepine, or an opiate, it should be done under the guidance of a general practitioner or physician. They can provide you with the medication and tools to help lessen the effects of withdrawal. They may also recommend a program or facility to further assist you in your recovery. Doctors who particularly work with addiction issues have special training learning about addiction medicine and are particularly helpful in managing an individual with withdrawing safely.

In many cases, a brief period within detox can be the safest option so that medical staff is on hand in case there is a medical emergency. The staff can also help with providing access to any nutrition, hydration, and medications intravenously if you are suffering from any significant nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea during your withdrawal process.

However, there are many people who are able to detox safely within a home or in a community environment while also meeting regularly with their doctor or health professional to help ensure they remain well throughout the process. Your doctor may prescribe you certain different medications depending on the drug you are withdrawing from. Informing your loved ones is also recommended, so they can provide you with support and help you resist temptation if you are feeling the need to use again.

When to Call 000

If you or someone you know is showing signs of a heart attack or seizure while going through the process of quitting cold turkey, call 000 immediately. Symptoms of a heart attack may include:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain
  • Pain or discomfort in the jaw, neck, or back
  • Weakness, lightheadedness, or faintness
  • Pain or discomfort in the arms or shoulder
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • High fever
  • Severe confusion

Cold turkey can be an effective method for some individuals who are quitting other low-level forms of addiction. However, its success depends almost entirely on the amount of support the person receives while attempting to quit.

However, if an individual has a more serious drug dependence or wants to quit a severe drug addiction, going cold turkey can be very dangerous. Those hoping to quit an addiction to these substances should solicit medical advice immediately and there is no better place to turn than the leading rehab facility in Bali.

If you or someone you know is experiencing any concerning physical or neurological signs while choosing to quit cold turkey, make sure to call 000 immediately.

treatment and recovery

Addiction can destroy lives. The financial, physical, and emotional consequences of this behaviour are immense. Unable to escape the destructive lure of drug and alcohol abuse has had a profound impact on all too many lives.

Assuming that you have already gone and completed a program, then it is time for you to take action. If you went to a rehabilitation facility in Bali to seek assistance within this ordeal, then you should have clear and concise instructions about the direction you should head.

Learning how to stand on your own two feet may seem challenging. Different approaches will need to be tested to get to as close to “normal” as possible. Recovery is not like the facilities programs. There is no graduation date or celebration because it is continuous. Knowing that and pushing through regardless is what separates the success stories from those suffering from alcoholism.

Learning To Walk

Alcoholism tends to break lives and leave destruction. Choosing not to walk away will help prove how committed you are to this new lifestyle.

There are fundamental points that everyone should have if they want a higher chance of staying sober. The “elements of recovery” provided by our website as follows:

  • A secure base is needed in order to focus on recovery. Without worrying about where your next check is coming from and where you will be staying, recovery becomes much easier.
  • Finding a purpose in life is vital. If there is no reason for choosing to get clean, then you cannot expect to stay clean for very long.
  • The hope of recovery will be your fuel. 
  • Figuring out who you are is important for anyone, but especially for someone who is in recovery.
  • Nurturing your support group will ensure that they are in it for the long haul.
  • Lastly, you should try to gain some confidence within yourself. Self-doubt will never fully leave, but being confident in your decisions will help.
  • Applying these elements might make some things easier, but it will not make you sober. It will still be hard, but it does not have to be as hard as you think.

Learning To Run

After being sober for  5+ years, living this lifestyle will become second nature. When you finished your first program, stepping out into the world may have been intimidating for you. With time there will be more occasions where you were in proximity to alcohol. Some days you will be able to say no to a drink, but other days you may find yourself questioning drinking. 

Building a reputation at AA meetings will help your support group grow. Staying involved and sharing experiences will help add an incentive to stay away from drinking. AA is a no-judgment zone, but no one likes having to admit to fault. Fortunately, there are people for support. 

Learning To Fly

Once you have over ten years sober, you are pretty much a champion at recovery. You can now begin assisting others to achieve the same success. The ability to relate to almost every member problem will help them avoid relapsing.

Joining support groups is not something everyone loves to do. Leading is a responsibility that should be left for those up to the task. So, once you have experience, will you take on this challenge?

Get The Individualized Treatment That You Need

While traditional therapies have shown success in treating the underlying problems of addiction, it is beneficial to find a well-suited program. For some, a long-term stay is required, while others might only need 30 days away to gain a new perspective.

Addiction Recovery Resources

There is a whole range of resources available, so there is always a solution. Each focus is different depending on the certain struggles you are facing. Once you understand the root causes of addiction, lasting recovery is achievable. 

Various Programs Designed To Reach You Where You Are

The variety of programs out there today is endless. While a one-month stay in a residential program might be the most common approach, others have worked just as well. 

A twelve-step program is often the go-to therapy of choice. This is because the program encourages individuals suffering from a variety of substance abuse disorders to focus on their positive attributes. By focusing on a person’s spiritual, emotional, mental, and physical components, lasting recovery is possible.

Give Yourself A Break

Many addicts suffer because of the stress of everyday living. Whatever the case may be, a stay in the program will give you the break you need. Recovery can be a lifelong process, but that does not have to be looked upon with fear. You will gain a support network that will guide you through any difficult times. Once you begin to take charge of your life, you will realize that addiction no longer has a grip on you. 


The decisions that are made during hard days often determine how effectively an individual comes out of such situations. For some, alcohol is often seen as a way to handle the lows. If you are depressed and are potentially suffering from alcoholism, consider taking a hard look at whom you associate with regularly. Stay away from individuals that may encourage you to drink excessively. This includes not going to places that are associated with alcohol. One way to do this is to alter your routes so you avoid places you used to frequent.

Kratom Abuse

Kratom is a plant that originates from the Mitragyna speciosa tree. This plant is known to induce opiate-like effects which can easily lead to addiction. The leaves and stems of kratom are usually dried before being chewed or brewed into a tea to achieve a stimulating effect. At higher doses, it resembles the effects of opioids.

Kratom is popular in many Southeast Asian countries, most notably Thailand where the plant is sometimes mixed with cough syrup or soda to create a cocktail called 4×100. Within 5-10 minutes of ingestion, kratom can induce a high that can last anywhere from 2-5 hours. Mitragynine, the active chemical found in the plant, increases the user’s energy at low doses and produces a sedative, pain-blocking feeling when taken at higher dosages.

Understanding kratom abuse

Kratom is used by many people as a “legal” way to experience a high. This substance appeals to teens and individuals who view the plant as a safe alternative to illicit drugs like fentanyl and codeine. Some bars in Thailand offer kratom cocktails or sell them in powder form to mix with other drinks. Kratom is also known by many slang names like Biak, Ketum, Thang, Kakuam, and Thom.

While kratom may not be detected in drug tests, it does behave like other narcotics. This makes kratom abuse rampant and can be difficult to get rid of once hooked. The drug is relatively new on the recreational drug scene in the West and its full effects have yet to be fully understood. But the general consensus is that the psychoactive properties of kratom can lead to dependence and turn into a full-blown addiction.

kratom abuse

When kratom abuse turns into addiction

Dependence and addiction are tied together. When a person is dependent on a substance, they experience changes in their brain chemistry due to regular use Since kratom is known to act like opioid drugs, withdrawal symptoms like anxiety, fatigue, depression, and drug cravings can occur.

The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) states that long-term kratom abuse can cause weight loss, insomnia, anorexia, frequent urination, constipation, dry mouth, skin discolouration. Withdrawal side effects can include jerky movements, hostile activity, aggression, achy bones and muscles, and a runny nose. In some cases, psychotic episodes like delusions and hallucinations can occur.

The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) published a study that details psychiatric illness and significant withdrawal symptoms in individuals who abused kratom long term. They cited insomnia, irritability, and muscle pain as the most common symptoms. In addition to that, they also reported paranoia, nullified pleasure receptors, and hallucinations as possible symptoms.

In the medical world, addiction is considered a brain disease and drug dependence is one of the main signs of the disease. However, NIDA reports indicate that before a person is diagnosed with addiction, according to the most recent Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), they must exhibit compulsive, drug-seeking behaviors and continue to use substances whilst ignoring the negative consequences. Compulsive means that the person has no longer control of their substance use and they spend the majority of their time trying to use or acquire the drug.

Some of the  physical, emotional, social, and behavioral changes to look for when determining if a person is addicted to kratom are:

  • Changes in physical appearance such as weight loss and neglecting personal hygiene
  • Irregular sleep patterns and waking up at random times during the night
  • Sudden mood swings like irritability, aggression, and potentially suicidal thoughts brought by kratom withdrawal
  • Irresponsibility towards their actions and doing things that are way out of their character
  • Unfulfilled obligations from work, family, and other aspects of their life
  • A shift in personality: They start to become socially distant and they shroud their life in secrecy
  • Financial struggles due to working less or spending all their remaining money on kratom
  • Getting into legal troubles and engaging in risky behavior

Getting help from kratom addiction

Treatment for kratom addiction usually involves three phases; detoxification, therapy, and recovery. The first phase involves cleansing the body safely from kratom whilst managing the symptoms in a controlled environment. Medications along with professional supervision are provided in a medical detox facility to complete the detox process.

Therapy and counseling are major components of therapeutic treatment and are usually offered in an outpatient or residential setting. Outpatient programs fall into two main categories; Intensive outpatient care and general outpatient care. The former follows a similar schedule to a residential program where the patient stays in the recovery facility for some time while the latter is more flexible and can be tailored to the patient’s availability.

Residential treatment refers to the patient staying in a specialized treatment center to receive constant care. Days are scheduled with sessions, meetings, educational learnings, and scheduled meal/sleep times. Some facilities offer complementary or holistic care services like massage or yoga to promote better health and well-being.

If you or anyone you know is dealing with kratom addiction, know that there is hope and you can recover from it. Contact Calm Rehab, the number one rehab facility in Bali today and learn more about how we can help with addiction recovery.


Kratom Abuse


Cycle of Addiction

We’re all familiar with experiencing shame and how it can be an isolating emotion. Shame often leads to feelings of unworthiness and self-doubt which can greatly affect those who are in addiction recovery. While most of us deal with shame and move forward from it, some people aren’t able to escape it. The feelings remain constant and create a deeper void in the person’s existence.

To fully understand how shame fuels drug and alcohol addiction, we must learn how to distinguish it from guilt. Guilt is a natural feeling that occurs after making a mistake or a poor decision. Feelings of guilt come from our moral conscience which lets us know that we’ve done something against that of our moral compass. For example, you feel guilty for being angry at your spouse because they made an honest mistake or you yelled at your kids for interrupting you at work.

    Shame is quite different from guilt in that the former creates feelings of inadequacy. With shame, you may feel that simple mistakes devalue your worth as a person. For example, if you were at the receiving end of your spouse’s anger, shame might prompt you to isolate or stay out for a while. As these feelings build up, you start to look for ways to escape and for some people, they achieve this by drinking or resorting to drugs.

While guilt can enlighten you in correcting your mistake or behavior, shame makes you feel trapped in a self-loathing vortex. Let’s discuss how shame can feed addiction and make it difficult for people to recover.

When does shame become painful?

Shame is a natural human emotion that everyone experiences. However, things are quite different when it comes to addiction as this feeling becomes almost unavoidable. It brings a profound sense of separation not just from yourself, but from other people as well. These constant feelings are what wears people down from feeling shame:

  • You feel undeserving of love.
  • You feel unimportant
  • You feel as if you’re a bad person
  • You feel like a complete failure
  • You feel like you deserve to be alone
  • You feel like you are not worth it

When a person feels shameful because of their addiction, it can turn into an internal battle that’s hard to win over. The chronic sense of inferiority and unworthiness makes the person believe they’re undeserving of love, happiness, or respect. They feel ashamed of who they are and this cultivates hopelessness, numbness, and depression.

Such an emotional state will eventually form a barrier to self-help, rendering the person incapable of being receptive to assistance. 

External stress coming from work, relationships, and finances starts to feel overwhelming. Because of this, the person may resort to using drugs or alcohol to escape from the stress. Substance abuse affects one’s self-esteem and as they delve deeper into addiction, they start to lose control of their life. With this comes hopelessness and disappointment escalate that further engraves their shameful feeling.

 As the cycle repeats, the person becomes let down by their inability to handle the pressure. They feel as if they don’t deserve help from other people because they’re afraid of disappointing their friends and family.

Cycle of Addiction

How to heal from shame

While shame and addiction can keep a person trapped in the cycle, that doesn’t mean that healing is impossible. It takes incredible heart and courage to acknowledge your addiction and with this self-awareness comes the opportunity for healing.

Recovering from shame requires a safe environment where you are surrounded by people who can help you move forward. In a professional addiction treatment program, you can triumph over shame by:

  • Identifying shame – The first step in healing from shame is to learn what human error is. Everyone makes mistakes and it’s important you don’t let those mistakes define you as a person. It’s okay to feel guilty for what you have done, but never allow that feeling to turn into shame, or else you will feel defeated whenever you make a single error.
  • Commit to change behavior – Self-awareness is the catalyst of addiction recovery. Once you’re able to recognize the root of your problem, you can address that with changed behaviour. There’s no point in beating yourself up over the same mistakes you made in the past. Instead of wallowing in shame, take it upon yourself to change for the better. 
  •  Redefine your self-worth – Your thoughts reflect your actions. If you think you’re unworthy of love, then you’ll end up making the wrong choices to justify that thought. But if you start to think positively of yourself, you will start to rebuild your self-esteem and become more confident in your decision-making.

Healing from shame and addiction requires an honest effort coupled with professional help. If you’re dealing with bouts of shame, do not lose hope. There is still a way for you to break free from the shackles of shame and addiction and the sooner you start your recovery, the better it’ll be for your future. If you require any further information then look no further than Bali’s leading rehab centre who can provide you will all of the necessary information.


Calm Rehab Addiction Recovery

Gray Area Drinking

It doesn’t take a lot to become a gray area drinker. For those of you who don’t know, gray area drinking refers to consuming alcohol in different spectrums. People who fall into this category usually don’t consider themselves alcoholics because they feel their alcohol consumption is completely under control. Or is it?

The problem with gray area drinking is that it gives you a false sense of security. While you may not be physically dependent on the substance, you often use it to help achieve a state of mind like relaxation and happiness. Society has made gray area drinking the norm which is why people are having a tough time identifying it as an issue.

Just because everyone is comfortable doing it, that doesn’t mean you should too. Here are a couple of tell-tale signs that you may be a gray area drinker and how you can address this situation.

  1. You’re becoming concerned about your drinking habits

Have you ever woken up in the morning feeling remorseful after a drinking session? Yet you go on with your normal routine like working out, eating a healthy diet, and functioning properly at work. Sure, your drinking isn’t affecting your life drastically, but you know in the back of your mind that it’s something worth paying attention to.

This is how most gray area drinkers feel. They’re quite unsure whether their drinking habits are starting to get out of hand or not. Still, they engage in alcohol consumption because nothing bad is happening as a result. 

Alcohol Addiction

  1. You drink between two extremes

As a gray area drinker, you’re far from hitting rock bottom and you’re most definitely not a now-and-then drinker either. You fall somewhere in the middle where your alcohol consumption is either sporadic or intense. One day you find yourself drinking a pint or two and the next day you end up half drunk.

This is what tricks gray area drinkers into believing their drinking habits are okay. Because they don’t end up getting hammered, they think they have everything under control.

  1. You stop drinking alcohol but jump back in again

Say you were working on your fitness goals and you stopped drinking or you swore on your New Year’s resolutions that you would cut down on alcohol. You maintain sobriety for days — even months on end, but something comes up like a surprise party or a promotion at work.

You find it hard to turn down alcohol and back again in the drinking carousel you go. You immediately regret how much you’re drinking and you can’t seem to stop as easily as you did last time.

  1. Your drinking habits don’t look alarming to those around you

Gray area drinkers are surrounded by people who engage in the same activities they do. If you talk about your drinking with your social and business circles, you probably know who drinks much more than you. Knowing this, you tell yourself that your drinking habits aren’t that bad and your colleagues don’t view it as a problem.

  1. You view alcohol as a reward

As a gray area drinker, you consider alcohol as a reward. It’s how you enjoy life and unwind after a stressful day at work. Everything in moderation, right? Yet, you’ve lost count of how many times you’ve woken up with a hangover and swearing not to drink too much ever again.

Gray area drinking is like a slippery slope and the societal pressure to keep drinking is strong. Friends and family members will come to you and say “Let’s have a drink” and while your initial answer is no, you end up drinking because it’s only this one time. 

Gray Area Drinking


How to combat gray area drinking

Gray area drinking can be addressed by making small, meaningful changes to your life. Be honest with yourself; what’s the reason you engage in gray area drinking? Do you use alcohol as a way to relax and have a good time with friends? Or do you drink to ease the frustration and anxiety?

Find other ways to spend time with your loved ones. You don’t need alcohol to enjoy the companionship of friends or family as you can engage in other healthy activities like playing sports and working out. Look for alternative avenues for dealing with your frustration and anxieties that don’t involve drinking. As you learn to replace your drinking habits with positive ones, you can slowly step out of this gray area and live your life completely sober

Reach out to healthcare professionals that understand your drinking concerns. Gray area drinking is real and there are many qualified coaches, therapists, and healthcare practitioners who understand the root cause of this problem.

If you’re dealing with gray area drinking and would like to receive professional help, you can reach out to Calm Rehab. Calm Rehab is a drug rehab in Bali that specialises in both drug and alcohol rehabilitation. With a team of qualified clinical professionals on our side, Calm Rehab sets the stage for helping you make lasting life changes and step away from gray area drinking once and for all.

Rehab Communication

Drug and alcohol abuse can have devastating effects not just in the person’s body, but within their family as well. It is natural to experience conflicting emotions when a loved one is dealing with addiction. On one hand, you may feel angry at them for the consequences of their actions while on the other hand, you may feel anxious because you want them to receive treatment.

Communicating with your loved one who’s in rehab may not be the easiest of tasks, but it’s a necessary step that will help guide them in the right direction. It’s important, to be honest, and constructive when talking to your loved one so they can understand where you’re coming from.

Here’s how you can communicate effectively with your loved ones to help rebuild your relationships and foster trust in each other.

Begin With Love

You may have grown to despise addiction and everything it ruined for your friend or family member. However, your loved one is not the disease, meaning that you can still love them despite their past actions. If your loved one is in a drug & alcohol rehab center in Bali, understand there will be some parts of them that are confused, hurt, and disappointed.

Chances are your loved one’s already beating themselves up and you certainly don’t want to beat them down even further with negativity. Instead of using harsh words to ‘wake’ them up, communicate with them through positivity and kind-hearted words. When you begin with love, you set the stage for positive communication which can help build trust and connection between you and your loved one.

Express Forgiveness

Forgiveness doesn’t mean sweeping negative emotions under the rug and moving forward without discussion. Forgiveness means letting go of the resentment and anger that’s built up inside you. Your loved one likely made some serious mistakes and you’re having a difficult time moving on from them. But understand that it wasn’t their full intention to hurt you or break your trust. Addiction can alter a person’s decision-making skills and cause them to perform actions without thinking about the consequences.

When you express forgiveness, you’re opening the door for rebuilding that lost trust. It’s hard to support a loved one throughout their rehabilitation when you’re carrying negative emotions. You deserve the peace of mind and your loved one deserves forgiveness so that both parties can move forward together.

Build their confidence

If you are ready to mend a broken relationship with your loved one, the first thing you should do is to help build up their confidence. Tell them how much you value them and how important they are in your life. Your loved one is experiencing waves of emotions when undergoing rehab and the last thing you want is to add to those conflictions even further.

You can help your loved one overcome those emotions by focusing on their positive qualities and traits. Let them know that you see beyond their addiction and you value their commitment towards rehabilitation. Phrases like “I’m proud of you for doing this” or “I’m happy to see you sober” can instil a sense of confidence in them and position you as a positive force at this stage of their life.

Show your support

Having a strong support system is key to successful rehabilitation. During the early stages of rehab, your loved one may feel lonely and afraid. You can assure them by showing your support throughout the entire process. Remind your loved one that you’re always there for them and that they can reach out to you anytime.

It’s also crucial that you speak to their treatment counsellors so you can learn more about their rehab journey. Once your loved one has felt your support, they will become more connected with you and they’ll start to trust you even more as they progress with their rehab.

Encourage family counselling

Family influences play a huge role in a person’s chances of successful rehabilitation. This is why having a concrete relationship with family members is crucial for putting your loved one in the best position to succeed. When undergoing rehab, your loved ones receive most of the attention and resources from medical personnel, therapists, and addiction specialists.

Sometimes they can feel overwhelmed by the attention from these people and they may feel a bit uncomfortable opening up about their feelings. With family counselling, you encourage your loved one to open up and communicate better with family members. This can help resolve issues and help with self-reflection as your loved one moves forward with their rehab.

Communicating with your loved one is an important part of their journey to recovery. By following these steps, you can establish a stronger connection with your loved one and help set them up for future success.

It also helps to choose the right rehab facility where your loved one is surrounded by esteemed medical professionals and staff who can make them feel safe and comfortable whilst undergoing rehabilitation. If you’re looking for the best drug rehab in Bali, contact Calm Rehab today and we’ll be happy to hear from you.